Riparian areas and deltas are unique semi-aquatic ecosystems that offer essential services to humans for their well-being. These ecosystem services are well-known and have been utilized by humans for thousands of years and are the reason for the substantial degradation. Climate change is also expected to put additional pressures on these ecosystems. To sustain them monitoring and innovative management techniques are required. In addition, an understanding of their unique characteristics is essential. Finally, emphasis will be given to learning easy to use tools and protocols to monitor them along with best management practices to promote their conservation.